Classifications of degrees in Germany’s Education system


Germany has a different system for their education. There are also non-university courses
available as apprenticeships. Universities can be public or private, but they also have fixed or
variable tuition fees that vary depending on your location and the choice of subjects.
German university degrees are typically given in either Bachelor’s degrees, Master’s degrees,
PhDs, or Diplomas by completing courses over 2-4 years, which students will complete at the
end of graduating with a degree. However, some may take longer if they want to continue with
higher studies, such as internships or post-graduate research programs.

Bachelor’s degree:

A Bachelor’s degree is a joint undergraduate academic degree awarded by universities and other
higher education institutions. Therefore, if you want to study at a university in Germany, you
will have to enroll in a Bachelor’s program.
 A "Bachelor" is the German equivalent of an advanced high school diploma after grade
12. Students can choose between majors such as Biomedical Engineering, political
science or engineering, etc.
 At the end of their third year, students can take a test to be certified as a
“Fachhochschulreife" (a superior high school diploma), which will exempt them from
taking upper-level courses in college.
 The “Fachhochschulreife" gives you direct access to Bachelor-level study programs, thus
skipping Bachelor’s levels 1 and 2, which is required for most Bachelor’s degrees abroad.

Master’s Degree:

It is a first-level academic qualification at the Master’s level, usually taken after completing an
undergraduate degree, and is often acquired after several years of related study. Therefore, it is
typically only available if one has already earned an undergraduate degree from a German
university. On the other hand, plenty of universities offer the cheapest MBA in Germany.
 The Master’s Degree “Meisterschüler" allows you to skip the university level 1 and 2,
which would take two more years to complete for most Bachelor’s degrees abroad.
 To complete your MBA, you should join the MBA program in Germany.

Doctoral Degree (Ph.D.):

A Doctorate is a first-level academic qualification at the highest level; it is usually awarded to
university or university graduate students who have conducted original research and are
recognized for their work by their peers. There are two types of doctoral degrees: Ph.D. (Doctor
of Philosophy) and Doctor of Science (Sc.D., which replaced the former title of "Magister
Scientiae" or "Magister Artis" in 1818). Like a Master’s degree, German doctorate degrees are highly competitive and require a thorough evaluation of one’s candidacy. In addition, one must typically have extensive research experience in an academic field to receive a doctorate.

State Examination:

At the end of one’s program of study, it is possible to take a state examination. The state
examination is a nationally standardized and nationally recognized test to assess a student’s
competence in the discipline for each degree. Although there are around 50 different disciplines
and over 1200 different degree titles, each corresponding to its state examination, the main aim is
to test the broad subjects you have learned while studying. Therefore, it is essential to claim
eligibility for your chosen profession or scholarship if you are applying for them and other public


Apprenticeships are vocational programs where students train within a company for some time
and learn new skills as they are needed. These apprenticeships are short-term and can be
completed in 2 to 4 years. They prepare students with higher education or Bachelor’s degree to
enter the job market directly after graduation. Different trades such as nursing, agricultural
sciences, and agriculture management have apprenticeship training programs that allow students
to train within a company part-time (usually 10–20 hours per week) while completing their
Bachelor’s degree.
 In Germany, the “Berufsausbildung” (usually called “dual education”) includes
apprenticeship training in a technical field and is considered by many employers to be
more practical than university education in regards to gaining technical skills.
 Apprenticeships are available for all technical and vocational subjects.
 Apprentices may complete their education at university or after the apprenticeship for
some technical or vocational subjects.
 Apprenticeships are also available in healthcare, business/commerce, etc.


So, if you are looking for cheapest MBA in Germany, apply online to get admission to any of
these colleges. When it comes to pursuing education abroad, the cost of study can be very high,
and scholarship is one thing that most students consider before applying for a degree program.
So, you can apply for it too.

See also: Education

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